Ergonomics can help you avoid
risk factors that can lead to trauma and injury. The major risk
factors associated with office work are:
Force is how much muscle effort is needed to
do a task. When the body's tolerance of force, is exceeded injury
Repetition is how often you perform a specific
movement. Excessive repetition can lead to injury.
Awkward postures occur when the body performs
a task that requires positions that aren’t neutral. Neutral
positions include straight wrist, and open angles of 90 degrees
at elbows, trunk, knees and ankles.
Another risk factor is postures that are held
for long periods of time. These static postures limit the body’s
ability to bring oxygen and nutrients to the muscles. The muscles
become fatigued and susceptible to injury.
An ergonomic assessment will help you identify
these and other risk factors at your work station or home office
and will educate you about solutions and exercises that can reduce
your potential for injury and pain.